Understanding spatial-related terms


The definition of spatial ability

According to B. Bogue & R. Marra (2003),  Spatial ability is the capability to understand and remember the relations among objects, which includes the spatial perception, spatial visualization, mental rotation and transformation.

The spatial visualization

it is a complicated process, manipulating multi-steps information from the surrounding space or environment. Paraphrasing from Van Garderen, D. (2006) spatial visualization involves visual imagery which is the ability to mentally produce the appearance of an object, and spatial imagery which consists of mentally representing spatial relations among the parts or locations of the objects or movements.


The spatial perception

According to Dolins, F. L., & Mitchell, R.W.(2010), Spatial perception refers to the ability to perceive spatial relationships in respect to the orientation of one’s body ignoring distracting information. It consists of being able to perceive and visually understand outside spatial information such as features, properties, measurement, shapes, position and motion.

This means that the two aspects above, exteroceptive processes and interoceptive processes build up the notion of spatial perception,or in other words, the ability to be conscious of the relationships with the environment and yourself.

In these spatial terms, most of people know the spatial perception, also is named spatial awareness. It  plays an important role in the early education of the children, due to its influence on the spatial cognition. For my research topic on the spatial context, I specially focusing on how to raise people’s spatial awareness throughout the physical  interaction.

1.Van Garderen, D. (2006). Spatial visualization, visual imagery, and mathematical problem solving of students with varying abilities.

2. B. Bogue & R. Marra (2003).  Visual Spatial Skills


3. Dolins, F. L., & Mitchell, R. W. (2010). Spatial cognition, spatial perception: mapping the self and space.   pp1,19